In India, there are several farm techniques and machinery produced to fulfill the requirement of the farmers.
Farmers are always in need of various farm machines and equipment to make the work easier and require less manpower.
Several kinds of agricultural machinery are very useful for the growth of the farmlands and make work easier.
If we look back to ancient times then it was hard to work with old techniques of machines while using manpower. Though it consumes time and wastes the energy of the farmers.
It was the ancient time where agriculture was the first source of living in India. Later on, in modern times, it becomes easy for the farmers to do farming by using farm technology machines and equipment that not only saves time but also reduces the cost of labor.
What Is Agriculture Machinery
Agriculture machinery and equipment are the farm equipment, machines, and tools that increase agricultural crop productivity and food output.
Agriculture Machinery accomplishes regular tasks in agriculture that help in boosting food crop production and alleviating poverty.
It, however, reduces the time duration of the working and also reduces the labor cost. India is a developing country and it is a challenging situation for us to purchase high technology farm implements and machines.
For this, there are popular tractor brand industries and farm implements producing industries that focus on producing a minimum range of machines according to the needs of the farmers.
Types Of Agriculture Machinery
For the different purposes in agriculture, there are various types of agriculture machinery designed by the enormous tractor brand and equipment companies. Here, we will describe the types of agricultural machinery and its features.
The tractor is the first and the foremost agricultural machinery used for farming. It is the primary machinery used in agriculture for various purposes.
A tractor works effectively for longer operations according to the crop production on different kinds of fields on land.
The tractor also works smoothly on the road while equipped with basic features and specifications.
It is also useful while attaching the equipment with the tractor. Tractors come in different varieties and ranges of powerful engines with 20 HP to 120 HP.
Tractors work efficiently with tillage types of machinery to heavy loaders and equipment for construction purposes.
There are different types of tractors used for various agricultural purposes small to large. They are:
- Compact Tractors
- Utility Tractors
- Implement Tractors
- Industrial Tractors
- Garden Tractors
- Military Tractors
- Sports Tractors
- Row Crop Tractors
- Miscellaneous Tractors.
These all tractor brands produced tractors with specific features and exports to many parts of the country.
For harvesting different varieties of grain crops, the harvesting machine is very useful. A harvesting machine is one of the versatile tractor-mounted machines used for post-harvesting purposes in agriculture and farming practices.
There are some popular harvesting machines produced by the popular tractor brand and farm equipment companies.
Harvester is a machine used for cutting down the crops and looks different from other machines. There are several varieties of harvester machines such as reaper, header, binder, thresher, cotton harvester, etc.
These machines are used for harvesting different types of crops at a time.
Some of the popular Harvesting machines are:
- Combine Harvester
- Round Baler
- Square Baler
- Multi Crop Harvester
- Bale Spear
- Hay Rake
- Sugarcane Loader
- Rotary Mulcher
Now, these machines are produced by some of the popular farm brand companies namely: New Hind Harvester, Dasmesh, John Deere, Shaktiman, Claas, Mahindra, Massey Ferguson, Agristar, etc.
Popular Harvesting Models
- Kartar 4000
- Preet 987
- Dasmesh 9100 Maize
- Shaktiman Paddy Master 3776
- ACE ACW 101
- Kubota Harvesking DC 68 G- HK
- Claas Crop Tiger 30 Terra Trac
- Mahindra Arjun 605
- Massey Ferguson Cruzer 7504 DLX
- Sonalika Combine TDC- 2000
Tillage is the other best agriculture machinery used for preparing the land for growing the crops or for sowing. For the land preparation, several soil preparation stages are followed by Tillage itself.
Types Of Tillage
Tillage is divided into two main parts and sub-group parts.
- Preparatory Cultivation – Preparatory cultivation is again divided into three main parts:
- Primary Tillage – Primary tillage is also of three types – Deep Tillage, Sub- Soiling and Year Round Tillage
- Secondary Tillage
- Layout Of Seedbed
2 . After Cultivation
Popular Tillage Machines
There are several kinds of machines produced for various tillage processes. Some of them are as follows-
- Mounted Disc plow
- Rotary Tillers
- Mounted Disc Plough
- Heavy Duty Subsoiler
Popular Tillage Equipments Brand Names
- Swan Agro Subsoiler NSE HSS 1
- Kubota PEM 140 DI
- Sonalika Disc Plough
- Bull Agro Power Tillers
- VST Shakti 135 DI Ultra Power Tiller
In agricultural machinery, seeding is also an important process to sow seeds of crops in rows with the help of a seed drill machine. Seed drill machines make the work easier for the farmers.
The seedling machine helps the farmers to do the work in a faster and quicker way.
Popular Seedling Machines
- Roto Seed Drill
- Happy Seeder
- Disc Seed Drill
- Pneumatic Planter
- Multi Crop Row Planter
- Post Hole Digger
Haulage machines are attached with the tractors to transport large carrying of goods and materials from one part to another. Haulage machines make the work easy for loading and uploading materials.
Types Of Haulage Machines
- Tanker/ Water Bowser
Landscaping agricultural machines are heavy-duty machines easily attached with the tractors to plain the surface of the land or soil at different levels of fields.
Popular Landscape Machines
- Rotary Cutters
- Rotary Cutter-Round
- Terracer Blade
- Box Blade
- Landscape Rake
- Grader Blade
To protect the crops from insects and many other harmful diseases there are some machines designed to sprinkle insecticides and pesticides on the farm and make them safe.
The Crop Protection agriculture machine is the best to protect the crops from harmful effects.
Popular Crop Protection Machine
- Fertilizer SpreaderBoom Sprayer
- Popular Crop Protection Machine Models
- Shaktiman Fertilizer Broadcaster
- Maschio Gaspardo Fertilizer Broadcaster
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