Indian agriculture is a source of livelihood for more than two-thirds of the Indian population. But the Indian agricultural system before and after independence was not as strong as it is today. Hence the production was not enough to meet the demand for food with the growing Indian population. After that, the Green Revolution was the major success story of Indian agriculture in which some modern farming methods were used.
This was the reason that the nation often suffered from famine and various food shortages before the Green Revolution and today we are in a situation where we are challenged with the problem of surplus. Today with the development of various agricultural technologies/systems that include organic farming, genetic manipulation of crop plants, use of vertical farming, precision farming (PA), etc., this increases crop production with India and the current issues in agricultural production Faces the demand for world present and future food.
Agriculture is the backbone of our country, which is likely to contribute to the Indian economy. India is a country with varying environmental conditions in a single year and hence India’s agriculture is made up of many crops, with rice and wheat being the primary food staples. Indian farmers also grow cereals, pulses, tubers, sugarcane, oilseeds, and non-food items like cotton, tea, coffee, rubber, and jute. However, it was observed that the presentations of these crops are challenged by various biological and abiotic stresses, water availability, and growing global populations.
Increasing grain yields per unit area is therefore an important solution to overcome or resolve the contradiction between consumer demand and world food supply, which is projected to increase by 25% or more by 2030.
There are many areas of technology and modern system in India, gradually the Indian Agricultural Green Revolution is undergoing a change from the beginning of technology.
The recent strategy of liberalization and globalization has opened up new avenues for agricultural modernization. It has focused not only on improving agricultural inputs, infrastructure facilities in rural areas, but also generating agricultural surpluses for local and international markets. Half of the 20th century, the concept of the use of modern agriculture was very successful in meeting the growing demand for food by increasing the world’s population.
The day-to-day changing environmental conditions have increased the pressure on crop plants to develop new diseases and pests that affect crop yield. Along with this, due to the dramatic increase in the world population, the area of land under cultivation decreased day by day; Therefore, it is necessary today to increase crop productivity.
Modern agricultural technologies/systems led to a rapid rise in the production of major crops such as rice and wheat, a fall in the price of food, and a slightly reduced number of people who continued to starve. This increase in food production has been mainly due to scientific advances and the use of new technologies, including the development of new crop varieties including molecular breeding techniques, organic farming systems, genetically modified cropping systems, and construction of large irrigation systems.
Due to several challenges such as climatic variations, biotic, and abiotic stress conditions during peak crop periods, natural disasters have damaged crop yields when we used traditional agricultural systems. New technologies/systems are used by farmers but in some rural areas, the rate of adaptation of new technologies by farmers is slow due to lack of awareness among farmers. New technologies such as organic farming, genetically modified crops, vertical farming, polytonal farming, greenhouse farming, satellites of precision agriculture (PA), and creating a new scope for using multi-crop farming are important for food today and the future.
Modern agricultural techniques help in reducing the manpower required for agricultural work so that the additional manpower available in the agriculture sector can be used in the industry sector to grow the Indian economy. Modern farming methods like vertical farming increases crop yield in the same area with the proper use of the cropping patterns. Agricultural mechanization in modern farming helps reduce labor costs and save valuable time for farmers. To know more about the farm mechanization and Indian tractor industry, stay tuned with Khetigaadi.com