Why Commercial Agriculture in India is Need of Hour

Why Commercial Agriculture in India is Need of Hour

India’s biodiversity, crop diversity, and food diversity are interconnected with each other. India has been producing lots of agricultural produce, so no other one can grow and consume as many food crops as Indians. However, the need of the hour is to bring Indian agriculture to the commercial level for better economic returns to Indian farmers.

What is Mean by Commercial Agriculture – 

Commercial farming, or also called agribusiness, is an editing strategy where crops are raised, and domesticated animals are brought up in a request to sell the items available to make money. 

In this kind of agribusiness, a great deal of capital investment is contributed, and a huge range of crops are cultivated in farmland, utilizing high technology, farm mechanization, irrigation techniques, and substance manures. The fundamental trait of commercial agriculture is that high dosages of current data sources are utilized for higher profit, like high-yielding variety seeds, composts, insecticides, pesticides, weed control, etc. 

In commercial farming, crops that are in high demand, for example, crops that should be traded to different nations or are utilized as crude materials in ventures are delivered predominantly. Moreover, the degree of rural advertising varies from one district to another. Commercial agriculture is a term used to allude to many sorts of cultivating. 

Examples of Commercial Farming 

  • Tobacco Farming 
  • Cotton Farming 
  • Wheat Farming 
  • Rice Farming 
  • Maize Farming 
  • Tea Farming 

Characteristics of Commercial Farming – 

Large-scale Production-

commercial cultivating sees animals and crops created in huge numbers. Therefore, it requires a lot of lands, farm mechanization innovation, and aptitude to meet the normal creation targets or objectives. 

Capital Investment Requirement-

The capital investment is utilized to buy farm materials like seedlings or seeds, composts, and pesticides, farm equipment, and in paying for the costs caused, for example, water, and power bills, labour charges, and other small investments. 

Use of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) –

The act of commercial farming utilizes high dosages of current information sources and high-yielding varieties of the crop, substance composts, pesticides, weed executioners, and insect sprays. This is done to get higher agricultural production. 

Production for Market – 

Rather than different types of agriculture where individual farmers produce for their own utilization, Commercial farming is done for market selling. Under commercial farming, a huge number of crops like millet, cocoa, bananas, rice, sugarcane, tea, are collected and sold, predominantly for the export market. 

Farm equipment and Labour Requirement –  

Commercial cultivating requires enormous supplies of both talented and incompetent workers. It likewise requires large equipment like diggers, sprayers, ploughs, reapers, and harvesters just to complete the objectives. 

Large Area Requirement – 

Commercial agriculture may include diverse agrarian practices inside a similar piece of land, it basically includes a huge range of cultivating in one land of rural practice, for example, hydroponics, meat cultivating, dairy cultivating, chicken cultivating, sugarcane cultivating, specific natural product estate, bloom cultivating, and tea cultivating among numerous others in one area or huge land.  

Type of Commercial Farming 

  • Dairy Farming 
  • Grain Farming 
  • Plantation Farming 
  • Domesticated animals Ranching 
  • Mediterranean Agriculture (grapes or olive farming) 
  • Fruit Farming

Subsistence Agriculture Vs Commercial Agriculture – 

subsistence agriculture is a rural framework that expects to develop as many yields that address all or practically every one of the issues of the farmer and his family. Commercial cultivating is the cultivating technique wherein plant and animal production is polished fully intent on selling in the markets. 

Due to the high work needed in subsistence agriculture, it is a work escalated strategy. Actually, in agribusiness, tremendous capital speculations are required, which is the reason it is an industrialist strategy. 

Subsistence agriculture is done in a little region. Then again, an enormous region is important to rehearse commercial farming. 

To build usefulness, excrement is added to the soil in subsistence agribusiness. Then again, in commercial farming, crop yields can be expanded by high portions of present-day inputs, i.e. seeds of high yielding assortments, manures, bug sprays, pesticides, and so on. 

In subsistence agriculture, basically, food grains like wheat and rice are developed. Alternately, in commercial agriculture, cash crops and cereals are principally developed. 

While subsistence agriculture is exceptionally subject to monsoon and straightforward irrigation techniques, commercial farming depends on present-day irrigation strategies like micro-irrigation systems. 

Advantages of Commercial Farming – 

  • Improvement in Local Infrastructure
  • Help in Job Creation
  • Easy Availability of Agricultural Products in the Market 
  • Enhanced Food Security
  • Availability Raw Materials for Agribusiness Manufacturing Companies

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