Lack of electricity and clean water, etc. are still present in the rural parts of India. However last few years government focus on increasing the utilization of renewable energy. Solar energy was introduced in the agriculture eco-system in terms of the Solar Water Pump. This is the replacement of a system that used electricity and diesel to pump out water from ground soils to capture energy from the sun.
This system uses sunlight and a more simplified tool in extracting water which is the water irrigation process. Solar pumps make the entire process more sustainable.
The installation of solar panels, models for pumping might seem expensive while establishing the base yet it is proven globally beneficial for the long term.
Components of Solar Water System
- Solar Panel
Solar Pump Motor Type
AC Motor –
- Low Price
- Easy Maintenance
- Conventional Pump
- Extra Converter Required to convert solar power
- Loss of Discharge
DC Motor –
- Advanced Technology
- High Discharge
- Suitable for Solar Electricity
- High Maintenance
- High Initial Cost
Benefits of Solar Water Pumps
Low Operating Cost
The fundamental benefit of a solar water pump is that it utilizes sunlight with no expense by any means. It limits the reliance on electricity or diesel, once established, there is no repetitive expense of power or fuel.
When contrasted with traditional water Pumps, the solar water pump requires low upkeep. They have fewer moving parts than other water pumps so the odds of crumbling are not many.
Highly Reliable and Simple
As there is a diminished reliance on power and fuel, issues like power cuts, low voltage, and single-phase issues don’t influence the working of solar water pumps by any means.
Solar energy is renewable in nature it can put so much impact on the ecosystem. Sustainable water supply is a developing worry in each district of the world. In numerous networks, groundwater is being siphoned by diesel pumps, which are both costly and can be hard to keep up.
No Noise Pollution
Solar Water Pumps are climate well disposed of as they don’t need any fuel to work. As they are fueled by the conventional wellspring of energy, they don’t deliver any unsafe substances that can cause major issues like so much noise as diesel pumps do.
Commercial Benefits for Farmers
Solar water Pumps can be gifts for Indian farmers. For farmers, Solar water pumps can be an elective type of revenue. Aside from utilizing it for the water systems, farmers can offer excess energy to the matrix.
Additionally, the public authority of India has reported an appropriation of solar water pumps for farmers.
Points That Should Be Considered Before Buying Solar Water Pumps
Efficiency – The flow rate of the solar pump is a usable volume of water appropriated by the siphon in a specific time span. It shows the efficiency of the water system.
Flow Rate – It is a basic factor that should be thought of. It is the apportion between Power provided and Power consumed by the siphon. There are three kinds of pump productivity; Manometric Efficiency, Mechanical Efficiency, and Overall Efficiency.
Head – It addresses the increment in energy aggregated by 1 liter of water between the information and the yield part of the siphon.
Force – The force conferred into water builds the energy of the water per unit volume. In this way, power relies upon the transformation of the mechanical energy and water components present inside the siphon.
Speed – It is the number of unrests executed by the siphon at a specific season of span. A speed of siphon indicated with the letter ‘N’. It is estimated in RPM.
NPSH (Net Positive Suction Head) – NPSH is the marker that demonstrates the solar water pump’s failure to make supreme volume. The main boundary that should be viewed with regards to purchasing an outward siphon. NPSH should exist during the siphon’s utilization for forestalling the event of cavitation.
How Much Land Required for Solar Installation –
100 sq. feet land Required to generate 1 HP Power.
Initial Cost and Subsidy on Solar Pumps –
10 Solar panels required for 3 HP power generation so about 2 – 2.50 lakh required to install it. However, the government provides a 25 % – 50 % subsidy on solar pumps.
Why Hybrid Technology Best Solution for Farmers –
Watering at night is essential for some crops but in the case of solar pumps, it is not that effective, so farmers can use these motors with hybrid technology at night.
This is the best time for a change in the condition of farmers in India. Solar water Pumps help farmers to improve their condition. Now a day’s farmers in India should work with new technology and high modern farm equipment. If you want to keep yourself updated in the modern farm mechanization sector, then download KhetiGaadi Mobile Application and stay in touch with it.