For 40% of the population, rice is the staple food in Indian cuisine. Because of specific environmental factors, rice, the most popular and extensively consumed food, appears as pure white as a diamond and is just as nutritious as any other food.
Oryza Sativa, which translates to “paddy rice,” is the scientific name for rice. Rice is a carb-heavy food. It is the main food crop and an essential dietary component in every region of India.
A significant crop, rice is a common staple food enjoyed all over the world. India, which ranks second globally, is one of the top producers of rice worldwide. India is a country that produces a lot of rice; in the most recent fiscal year, rice production surpassed 100 million tonnes.
Rice Production in India:
The majority of the rice produced in India is basmati rice, which is the country’s main export good. India is thought to have produced 4.25 million metric tonnes of basmati rice, or about 75% of the total amount produced worldwide. India exports two-thirds of its basmati rice production. Along with the UK and the US, Iran and Saudi Arabia are the major importers of Indian basmati rice.
At present, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh are mostly home to India’s major rice suppliers and exporters. About 72% of India’s total rice-growing land is located in these top producing states, which also produce more than 75% of the nation’s rice.
Top 10 Largest Rice Producing States in India:
- West Bengal:
India’s greatest producer of rice is the state of West Bengal. Approximately 5 million hectares of rice are grown on the region’s arable land or nearly half of the total area. West Bengal, which continues to be India’s top rice-producing state, produced more than 15.7 million tonnes of rice during the 2016 fiscal year. These top 10 Indian states, along with the other states that produce the most rice, are anticipated to keep up their production rates in the near future, leading the world.
- Uttar Pradesh:
Another significant rice producer in India is Uttar Pradesh, which is ranked second among the top 10 states for rice production in the country. With a total growing area of more than 5.9 million hectares, rice is widely grown throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh. Additionally, the state produces a healthy crop of rice-more than 2,300 kilos per hectare. Greater than 13% of the nation’s rice is produced in Uttar Pradesh.
Punjab is the third-largest rice-producing state in India, producing over 12 million tonnes of rice per year on its 2.8 million hectares of rice-growing land. Punjab also produces more than 2 million tonnes of basmati rice annually, making it the leading producer in India. Punjab presently produces 10% of all the rice consumed in India, and it is anticipated that this percentage will rise further as the province’s rice-growing acreage continues to expand.
- Andhra Pradesh:
India’s fourth-largest rice producer in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh produced 8.64 million tonnes of rice in the year 2020. Between 2017 and 2020, Andhra Pradesh’s rice production climbed by 5.13 percent annually, from 7.45 million tonnes to 8.64 million tonnes.
In 22 districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh, rice is grown. The three districts that produce the most rice in India are East Godavari, West Godavari, and Krishna. Andhra Pradesh is the home of Sassari, Sarvani, Samba Madhuri, and Samael. Additionally, this state is India’s leading rice producer.
- Tamil Nadu:
The largest and most well-known rice-producing state in India is Tamil Nadu. On 2.2 million hectares of land in the state, rice is grown. Ambasamudram, Aravan Kuruva, Aduthurai, Akshayadhan, and Amsipiti Dhan are a few of the kinds produced in Tamil Nadu.
Studies show that each hectare of rice produces about 39000 kg. The districts of Tiruvarur, Thanjavur, Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram, and Nagapattinam in Tamil Nadu are known for producing rice.
The sixth-largest producer of rice in the nation is Bihar. Modern technology is being used in Bihar to increase rice yield and quality.
In the winter, rice varieties such as Gautam, Dhanalakshmi, Richhariya, and Saroj are grown. In the summer, rice varieties such as Gautam Pusa-33, Pusa-2-21, CR 44-35 (Saket-4), and Prabhat (grown for just 90 days) are grown.
Chhattisgarh ranks seventh in rice output with 61 MLT. Here, farmers cultivate almost 2000 different types of rice, earning the moniker “India’s Rice Bowl.” Chhattisgarh and Odisha are the top producers of red bangle paddy, Turia Kabri, Chudi paddy, and Lal Dhan.
The eighth-largest state in India for rice production in Odisha. With a share of 63 percent of all food grain area and 69 percent of all farmed land, rice is the most significant crop.
Nearly all of Odisha’s population relies on rice as their main food supply, so improvements in rice production and productivity have a big impact on the state’s economy.
Keralans eat mostly rice as their main food. India-wide, Keralan rice farming is well-known. In Kerala, rice production has increased over the past five years, according to hopeful signs. Rice farmers in Kerala’s “rice bowl,” Palakkad, are expressing new joy.
With 45.16 lakh tonnes of rice produced, Assam is ranked ninth. In Assam, more than 1700 kg of rice is produced per acre. Assam is known for its genetic diversity in rice growing. Assam’s rice production is renowned for its extensive genetic diversity. As a result, it is also considered India’s state with the biggest rice production.
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