How to cultivate Indian Squash: Know the improved varieties and the right way of cultivation.

How to cultivate Indian Squash: Know the improved varieties and the right way of cultivation.

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Sowing period of Indian squash vegetable, these varieties will have bumper profits: The time of sowing of Indian squash vegetable is going on. Farmers can earn well by sowing improved varieties of Indian squash. In such a situation, if the methods given by the scientists and officials of Krishi Vigyan Kendra are adopted, then good profits can be earned by cultivating it. Today we are giving you information about Tinda vegetable farming through Tractor Junction.

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Climate and soil for the cultivation of Indian squash: A hot and humid climate is good for the cultivation of Indian squash. Cold climate is not considered good for this. Frost is harmful to its crop. Therefore, it is cultivated only in summer. It can be cultivated even in rain, but during this time the chances of getting diseases and pests increase more. If we talk about the soil for its cultivation, then it can be cultivated in all types of soil. Light loamy soil with good water holding capacity is considered best for its cultivation.

The right time for Indian squash cultivation: It can be cultivated twice a year. It can be sown from February to March and June to July.

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Improved cultivation of Indian squash: There are many famous improved varieties of Indian squash vegetables. Among these, Tinda S 48, Tinda Ludhiana, Punjab Tinda-1, Arka Tinda, Annamalai Tinda, Myco Tinda, Swati, Bikaneri Green, Hisar Selection 1, S 22, etc. are considered good varieties. The Indian squash crop is usually ready to ripen in two months.

Community-verified icon: Improved cultivation of Indian squash: There are many famous improved varieties of Indian squash vegetables. Among these, Tinda S 48, Tinda Ludhiana, Punjab Tinda-1, Arka Tinda, Annamalai Tinda, Myco Tinda, Swati, Bikaneri Green, Hisar Selection 1, S 22, etc. are considered good varieties. The Indian squash crop is usually ready to ripen in two months.

Indian squash farming: Preparation of the field: For sowing Indian squash vegetables, first of all, the soil should be made fine by plowing the field with a tractor and cultivator. The first plowing of the field should be done with an earth-turning plow. After this, plow the field 2-3 times with a harrow or cultivator. After this, apply 8-10 tonnes of rotten cow dung per acre per kg of manure. Now prepare the beds for farming. Seeds are sown in pits and doilies.

Indian squash Farming: Seed Quantity and Seed Treatment: For sowing the seeds of Tinda vegetable, one bigha of one and a half kilograms of seed is sufficient. The seeds should be treated before sowing. For this, the seeds should be soaked in water for 12-24 hours before sowing. This increases their germination capacity.

To protect the seeds from soil-borne fungus, treatment with Carbendazim 2 gm or Thiram 2.5 gm per kg of seeds should be done. After chemical treatment, treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride of 4gm or Pseudomonas fluorescens of 10gm/kg of seeds. After this, the seeds should be sown after drying in the shade.

Manure and Fertilizer for Indian squash Cultivation: Apply Nitrogen 40 kg (Urea 90 kg), Phosphorus 20 kg (Single Super Phosphate 125 kg), and Potash 20 kg (Murate of Potash 35 kg) per acre to the entire crop. Apply 1/3 dose of Nitrogen, full dose of Phosphorus, and Potash at the time of sowing. Apply the remaining amount of nitrogen at the time of early plant growth. On the other hand, to get a higher yield of Indian squash, spraying of 50 ppm of maleic hydrazide on the leaves of 2 to 4 percent in the Indian squash fields can increase the yield by 50-60 percent.

Method of sowing in Indian squash cultivation: Generally, sowing of Indian squash is done in flatbeds but sowing on dowels is very good. 1.5-2m for the crop. wide, 15 cm. Raised beds should be made. Leave a one-meter wide groove between the beds, 60 cm apart on the sides of both the beds. Sow at a distance. Seed depth is 1.5-2 cm. Do not keep more than deep.

Irrigation system for Indian squash cultivation: Summer Indian squash crop can be sown at this time. After this, the second sowing will be done in the rainy season. For summer cultivation, irrigation should be done every week. Whereas in the rainy season irrigation is based on rainwater.

Weed control: Many weeds grow along with the crop, which affects the growth and development of plants as well as shows adverse effects on the yield. Therefore it is necessary to prevent it. For this, weeds should be destroyed by weeding 2-3 times.

When to harvest Indian squash vegetables: Harvesting of fruits usually starts 40-50 days after sowing. In harvesting, care should be taken that when the fruits are ripe and become of medium size, then they should be harvested. Thereafter, spacing can be done every 4-5 days.

Yield and market price obtained from cultivation of Indian squash: If it is cultivated in a scientific way, then about 100-125 quintals of yield can be obtained in one hectare from Indian squash cultivation. The market price of Indian squash generally ranges from Rs 20 to Rs 40 per kg.

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