In order to keep up with the world’s rapid development and the anticipated increase in demand for agricultural products and byproducts, implements and tractors are now necessary. Implements like plough can help you work more effectively in the field, and the lack of implementation utilization by Indian farmers on average is the primary cause of their country’s low production and income. Despite the fact that the majority of farmers do not use agricultural tools like ploughs, India has a large industry producing agricultural machinery.
Not all farmers in India have the financial means to buy agricultural machinery or implements. There are 60 percent small farmers, 7 percent large farmers, 14 percent landless farmers, and 19 percent marginal farmers in India. “ KhetiGaadi” has developed a special platform for farmers to encourage all farmers, even small farmers, to employ automation in their operations. On this platform, major farmers can rent out their unused equipment to smaller farmers, improving their income. The platform benefits both small and large farmers.
Use the best agricultural equipment, such as tractor implements for tilling, excavating, and spraying, to increase farm output. Implements are introduced for the comfort of farmers because they can boost productivity, save a lot of money, and save time, among other things.
What is Plough?
The main farming instrument or equipment used to loosen or turn the soil prior to sowing and planting the seeds is the plough. For the majority of human history, ploughing has been essential to agriculture. The fundamental goal of ploughing is to turn over the topsoil, which brings new nutrients to the surface while burying weeds and crop residue to allow them to decompose.
Furrows are the names given to the trenches made by a plough. A ploughed field is typically allowed to dry out before being harrowed and planted in modern agriculture. The soil in the top 12 to 25 centimetres (5 to 10 in) of the soil, where the majority of plant-feeder roots grow, is evened out by ploughing and cultivating the soil.
The reason the plough is regarded as the best farming tool in India is that it enhances soil air circulation, which allows roots to breathe more easily. In order to ensure that the plant is secure and grows healthily, ploughing helps the root penetrate the soil more deeply and hold the plant firmly. Ploughing enhances the soil’s capacity to absorb water.
Ploughing removes weeds that are growing in the soil and promotes the development of good bacteria that aid in fermentation or souring. aids in the growth of bacteria and worms. Remove and bury the weeds from the previous crop. transports the nutrient-rich soil to the top layer, where the crop can use it to grow well and farmers may harvest more.
Types of Plough
Depending on their intended usage, agricultural ploughs can be generally divided into numerous classes:
Three different types of ploughs exist in India: wooden ploughs, iron or metal ploughs, and ploughs used for specific purposes.
- Indigenous plough or wooden plough:
A wooden tool with an iron share point is called an indigenous plough. Body, shaft pole, share and handle make up this object. Bullocks are used to pull it. The earth is opened and a V-shaped furrow is cut, but there is no inversion. Because an unploughed strip is always left in between furrows, ploughing is likewise not flawless. Cross ploughing helps to lessen this, although even then, some small squares are left unploughed.
- Soil Turning Ploughs
Depending on the kind of soil, iron bullocks or two bullocks are used to pull soil turning ploughs. Tractors are also used to pull these.
- Mouldboard Plough
Frog or body, mouldboard or wing, share, landside, connecting, rod, bracket, and handle are the components of a mouldboard plough. As the furrow slices are cleanly cut and inverted to one side, this sort of plough leaves no unploughed area and improves pulverisation.
- Disc Plough
The common mouldboard plough and the disc plough are very different from one another. The share and mouldboard have been replaced with a sizable, rotating concave steel disc. The disc uses a scooping motion to move the furrow slice to one side. The typical disc has a diameter of 60 cm and turns into a 35–30 cm wide-furrow slice. The disc plough is more suited for soil with dense weed growth since it cuts and integrates the weeds.
The top 5 agricultural ploughs used in India 2023 are listed below:
- Lemken OPAL 080 E 2MB:
One of the best and most important tools used by farmers for improved planting and cultivation is the plough. The Lemken brand owns the plough, which goes by the model designation OPAL 080 E 2MB and has a distinctive presence in the marketplace. This plough’s 45 horsepower gives it greater efficiency when working on uneven or difficult terrain. The cost is approximately 2.10 lakhs.
- Maschio Gaspardo SUMO 2MB:
Maschio Gaspardo is one of the top-tier ploughs in India, in our opinion. This model of tillage plough never runs out of farmers’ desire due to its remarkable operational capabilities. 55 to 70 HP is the plough power or capacity. Maschio Gaspardo is the plough to get if you want something sturdy and simple to use.
- Agristar Disc Plough 3 Furrow:
One of the most effective farming tools used by farmers is this plough, which is manufactured under the Agristar brand. This plough, which belongs to the tillage group as well, is one of the most effective ones now in use. The capacity and implement power range from 40 to 50 HP.
- Fieldking Maxx Reversible MB Plough:
In the tractor sector, the name Fieldking is well-known and well-respected. Additionally, the organisation uses a Tillage Reversible Plough since it meets the greatest demand from farmers and is ideal for use in agricultural activities. The power of the tool ranges from 45 to 50 HP.
- Dasmesh 451 – MB Plough:
This Dashmesh brand model has superb features and functions that make planting and sowing easier for framers to do and less stressful. This plough has a power range of 55 to 60 HP. The plough is also best suited for rough terrain and rigged fields because it belongs to the tillage category.