The Indian government’s Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi central sector programme offers income support to farmers and their families. The Telangana government first operated the PM-KISAN yojna as the Rythu Bandhu programme, which gave a specific sum of money directly to eligible farmers. Later, on February 1, 2019, Piyush Goyal declared the rollout of this programme as a national project during the 2019 Interim Union Budget of India.

On February 24, 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced the PM-KISAN yojna in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. All small and marginal farmers would receive income support under this programme in the amount of Rs. 6,000 annually in three instalments, which will be put into their bank accounts. The full yearly cost of this programme, which is expected to be Rs. 75,000 crores, would be covered by the Union Government.

Objectives of the scheme:

The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana is a central sector programme run by the Indian government. To assist numerous small and marginal farmers diversify their sources of income, this programme was established. The main objectives of the PM-KISAN scheme are listed below:

  • To provide money to all eligible landowner farmers and their families.
  • The PM-KISAN scheme also aims to supplement the farmers’ financial needs in order to ensure optimal crop health and adequate yields that are in line with anticipated farm revenue.
  • The scheme is expected to increase the coverage of PM-KISAN for about 14.5 crore people.
  • It aims to cover an additional 2 crore farmers at a cost of Rs. 87,217.50 crores, which will be covered by the Central Government.

History of this scheme:

A fixed amount is handed directly to qualified farmers under the Rythu Bandhu scheme, which was initially developed and operated by the Government of Telangana. The World Bank, among other organisations, has praised the programme for its effective implementation. According to many economists, this form of investment support is preferable to farm loan exemptions. With the success of this programme, the Indian government intended to put it into action as a national project, and Piyush Goyal made the announcement on February 1st during the interim union budget for 2019.

Under this programme, Rs. 20,000 crores were allotted for 2018–19. By allocating Rs. 87,217.50 crores from the Central Government, the scheme’s coverage has been expanded to approximately 14.5 crore beneficiaries for the 2019–2020 fiscal year, providing benefits to nearly 2 crores more farmers. The programme was introduced by Narendra Modi on February 24, 2019, in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, by sending the first instalment of 2,000 rupees to over one crore farmers.

Under the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana, the best-performing states and districts have received awards from the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. It is based on standards like timely physical verification exercises, addressing farmer complaints, and data correction.

Eligibility for the PM-KISAN Yojna’s benefits:

To qualify for the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana, any small or marginal farmer must not meet the following requirements. Some of the beneficiary categories listed below are not qualified to receive benefits under this programme:

  1. Institutional landowners of any kind.
  2. The farmer and any family member fall under one of the following categories:

Bearers of constitutional positions both past and present

Ministers, both past and present, and State Ministers

  1. Members of the LokSabha, RajyaSabha, State Legislative Assemblies, or State Legislative Councils, past or present
  2. Former and current municipal corporation mayors
  3. District Panchayat Chairmen past and present.
  4. any officials, active or retired, as well as staff members working for Central or State Government Ministries, Offices, or Departments.
  5. All retired pensioners who fall within the aforementioned group and receive a monthly pension of at least Rs.
  6. This programme disqualifies everyone who paid income tax in the most recent assessment year.
  7.  Professionals who have registered with professional organisations and are actively practising their professions, such as doctors, engineers, lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and architects.

Documents Required for PM-KISAN Yojna:

The following documentation must be submitted by farmers who qualify for the programme in order to be verified:

  • Citizenship certificate
  • Landholding papers
  • Aadhaar card
  • Bank account details

Benefits of the PM-KISAN Yojna:

  • One of the major benefits of this plan is the immediate transmission of funds. On December 25, 2020, Rs. 18,000 crores were directly deposited into the bank accounts of 9 crore farmers in the presence of PM Narendra Modi.
  • All official records pertaining to farmers are kept on a computerised platform, making registration and money transfers simple. This assistance programme has a fresh start thanks to the digitalized records.
  • This initiative helps farmers who are having cash flow problems.
  • A significant step toward the government’s plans for modernising agriculture is the PM-KISAN Yojana.
  • The selection of PM-KISAN beneficiaries is made without discrimination.

What options does an eligible beneficiary have if his or her name is not on the list of beneficiaries?

All of these farmer families can request to have their names included on the beneficiary list by contacting the District Level Grievance Redressal Monitoring Committee in their Districts. Additionally, the government has established a dedicated Farmers’ Corner on the PM-KISAN website,, which provides the following services to farmers through three different options or links:

New Farmer’s Registration – Farmers can enter their information online through this website. The online form includes a self-declaration of eligibility as well as a few required fields. Once the farmer has successfully completed and submitted the form, it is automatically sent to the State Nodal Officer (SNO) for review. The SNO checks the information entered by the farmer and transmits the checked information to the PM-KISAN site. The data is then processed through a recognised payment system.

Edit Aadhar Details- The farmer can modify his or her name according to the information on the Aadhaar Card by clicking this link to edit his or her Aadhaar details. After system authentication, the changed name is then updated.

Beneficiary Status – Through this link, beneficiaries can check the status of their instalment payments individually by providing their Aadhaar number, bank account number, or registered mobile number.

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