Know, what is geranium and how to earn from it: If the work of agriculture is done from a commercial point of view, then good profit can be earned from it. But still, most of the farmers in India have been cultivating traditional crops, due to which they are getting only a limited amount of profit.
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If the farmer cultivates fruits, vegetables, or flowers along with traditional crops, then good profit can be earned from it. Today we are talking about such a flower, by cultivating which farmers can become rich. The name of this flower is Geranium. Yes, you can earn lakhs of rupees by cultivating it. Today we are giving you information about geranium cultivation through TractorJunction.
What is Geranium Farming: Geranium is a type of aromatic plant. This plant is also called the rose of the poor. Oil is extracted from the flowers of geranium, which is used for many other uses along with medicine. Geranium oil smells like a rose. It is used in making aromatherapy, cosmetics, perfumes, and scented soaps.
Medicinal benefits of geranium: Geranium oil is also used as a medicine. Using its oil reduces the problem of Alzheimer’s, nervous pathology, and disorders. Along with this, its use is also said to be beneficial in conditions like acne, inflammation, and eczema. It also reduces the effects of aging. Along with this, its use is also considered beneficial in damage to muscles and skin, hair, and teeth.
What will be the benefit of cultivating Geranium (Geranium Cultivation): According to an estimate, the demand for geranium is 120-130 tonnes per annum and its production in India is only 1-2 tonnes. Therefore, keeping in view the demand, geranium can be cultivated in North India. This can also double the income of the farmers. Explain that a subsidy is also given from the government for the cultivation of geranium.
Geranium cultivation can be done even in a place with less water: Geranium is a low water crop, it requires very little water to grow. It can be cultivated in a place where there is less rainfall. It can be cultivated in areas where rainfall is between 100 to 150 cm.
Climate and soil for the cultivation of geranium: All types of climate are considered good for its cultivation. But mild climate with low humidity is considered best for its good yield. Geranium should be cultivated in that area having an annual climate of 100 to 150 cm. On the other hand, if we talk about the soil, then sandy loam and dry soil are considered good for its cultivation. The pH of the soil should be 5.5 to 7.5.
Geranium Varieties: The major species of geranium are Algerian, Bourbon, Egyptian, and Sim-Pawan.
Jirenium Ki Kheti: Preparation of the field: After doing two or three ploughings of the field with the help of a tractor, the soil should be made fine by a rotavator. After this, the field should be leveled with a pat. Apart from this, proper arrangements should be made for the drainage of water in the field. Please note that this is long-term cultivation. In this, the farmers should keep in mind that the plant should be prepared properly so that there is no possibility of any damage to it.
where to get geranium plant: The Germanium plant can be purchased from the Central Medicinal and Plant Institute. Apart from this, farmers who cultivate germanium near you can take cuttings of plants from them. If you want to cultivate it in a large area, then you can bring saplings from a farmer cultivating in Lucknow or near you and plant them in a poly house.
how to prepare geranium plant: The month of March is considered best for its cultivation. Plants should be planted in poly houses in the month of March. It should be kept in a poly house for six months. Keep one thing in mind rainwater does not fall from them. But irrigation should be continued as needed. After six months, when these plants grow up, 10 cuttings can be cut from one plant. In this way the number of plants you have increased. You can plant it on your farm.
How to transplant geranium plant: Now after 45 to 60 days in the prepared field 50 cm-50 cm. The plant should be planted at a distance. Before planting the plant should be treated with Thiram or Bavistin so that the plant is not harmed by fungal diseases.
Fertilizers and Fertilizers for Geranium Cultivation: For good growth of geranium, 300 quintals of cow dung should be applied per hectare. Apart from this, nitrogen should be given at the rate of 150 kg, phosphorus 60 kg, and potash at the rate of 40 kg per hectare. A full amount of phosphorus and potash should be given at the time of the last plowing of the field. Whereas nitrogen should be given at an interval of 15 to 20 days in the ratio of 30 kg.
irrigation system for geranium: The first irrigation of the geranium plants should be done after transplanting the plants. After this, irrigation should be given at an interval of 5 to 6 days according to the weather and the nature of the soil. Keep in mind that geranium is a low water crop, so it should not be irrigated more than required. When this happens, the chances of root rot disease in the plant increase.
When to Harvest Geranium Leaves: It should be harvested when the plant has matured leaves. By the way, after three to four months, the leaves of the plant come to the maturity stage. When the leaves are mature, then the first harvesting of the leaves should be done. At the time of harvesting, the leaves should not be yellow or with excess juice.
Expenditure and income received on geranium cultivation: The cost of the geranium crop is about 80 thousand rupees per hectare. At the same time, the income from this can be around 2.5 lakh rupees. In this way, a net profit of 1 lakh 70 thousand rupees can be earned from one hectare by cultivating geranium.
geranium oil price: Geranium is mostly cultivated abroad and the oil which comes from the geranium plant is quite expensive. Its price in India ranges from about 12 thousand to 20 thousand rupees per liter.
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