Food is one of the basic needs of human beings and agriculture is one of that sources of food. Now day Sustainable agriculture is important from an environmental perspective. Sustainable agriculture helps to improve the quality and quantity of crops and livestock for a long time.
In short, this technique helps to protect the environment, public health, human communities, and animal welfare in the country.
Farmers in countries like India always try to enhance agricultural land productivity with some methods and techniques. Here we are going to discuss some methods that help to improve agricultural productivity.
High Yield Variety Seeds (HYV)
Small and marginal farmers who grow around 80 percent of India’s total food have very limited access to a high Yield Variety of seeds. If this high yield variety of seeds may access for all farmers in India, then agricultural production will reach at highest in the world.
Once this seed reaches land then farmers can use this for a long time by replanting and saving from harvest.
Quality Monitoring Technology
Farmers, in developing countries like India, don’t know about exact plant water and nutrient requirement. In considering this problem agricultural scientists have developed sensors that can easily detect soil moisture content and nutrient content this data help to manage agricultural operations in the field.
Technologies like remote sensors mounted on drones and satellites are helping to keep observations on trend change in agriculture. These sensors technology can help farmers to prevent their field from suffering from pests, disease.
Cover Soil with Crop
Soil cover with crop fills two essential needs. The first is to keep soil from disintegrating away from fields. This issue regularly emerges when fields are left exposed after crop.
Without any roots holding the soil together, it is powerless against erosion driven by wind and water. Nonetheless, if farmers plant a cover crop following the reap of the essential money crop, this issue is to a great extent moderated.
The other essential objective of a cover crop is to once again introduce fundamental supplements into the soil. The most significant of these supplements is nitrogen, which plants, for example, vegetables can catch from the climate through a harmonious relationship with microscopic organisms.
Application of Organic Fertilizers
Continuous farming and plantation of crops reduce the soil nutrient content. At the point when this happens, farmers can securely restore supplement levels to typical by utilizing natural composts like kelp, animal fertilizers, clamshells, and bone feast.
While these substances are frequently more costly than their chemical fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are much better for the environment.
Proper Irrigation System
Plants need water to live. In certain zones, they get all the water they require from precipitation. Notwithstanding, this isn’t generally the situation, especially in the dryer locales of the world.
In such districts, farmers can utilize a water system to keep their soil adequately dampened. farmers irrigate around 18 percent of India’s total agricultural land.
The automation systems in irrigation help to improve the management system in irrigation.
The strategies used for crop irrigation change broadly in their effectiveness. At the lower end of the effectiveness, the range is frameworks, for example, channel water system, field flooding, and sprinkler-based water system. On the better quality are focused on water system frameworks like the trickle water system.
In contrast to the previous techniques, the dribble water system conveys water to plants in a manner that lessens vanishing, and by and large, conveys no more water than the plants need. In certain cases, be that as it may, a dribble water system isn’t a choice.
Under these conditions, farmers can utilize current sensors to decide the dampness substance of their fields, and tailor their water system endeavors likewise.
Intercropping or Polyculture
Monocropping, the act of growing a solitary assortment of harvest on one enormous real estate parcel, is the most widely recognized type of farming in America.
Although successful in certain conditions, monocropping can exhaust the soil of supplements and does little to cultivate biodiversity. In an elective framework known as intercropping, farmers place a few distinct types of plants close to each other.
This course of action supports plant wellbeing and prompts the production of advantageous connections between species. Numerous farmers remember animals for the blend too for bug control and preparation. While intercropping is normally more work serious than monocropping, the per section of the land yield of an intercropped farm is frequently higher than that of a farm that is mono cropped.
Green Methods of Pest Control
Splashing regular pesticides and herbicides on yields can unleash ruin in nearby and far-off environments. After expanded times of pesticide use, safe weeds and vermin regularly start to develop and multiply.
Substitute strategies for bug control can assist with forestalling these issues. Quite possibly the most well-known is utilizing natural strategies to control bug populaces.
In occurrences when natural control isn’t an alternative, farmers can utilize greener types of fluid pesticides like fundamental oils to keep undesirable creatures under control.
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