भारतात नवीन हार्वेस्टर्स
In agriculture Harvesters play a vital role to harvest grain crops. On agriculture harvesters, various applications were used for industrial sensors, specific heights should be maintained supporting the crop being harvested, feeding and level management into the harvester itself, and exactness measurements whereas the agricultural harvester operates.
Small-grain harvest has been mechanized to a definite extent since early times. Within the trendy amount, the primary harvester to achieve general acceptance was created by Cyrus McCormick in 1831. Additionally recently, the mix harvester has been developed for a small-grain. The primary mechanical cotton picker was proprietary in 1850, but, because of the availability of low-cost labor, cotton harvesters failed to gain acceptance till World war II.
Labor shortages were to the event of a range of harvesters tailored for pretty much all types of agricultural crop, as well as tomatoes, grapes, nuts, cucumbers, and root crops, e.g., beets and potatoes. The foremost common exceptions are tree fruits. Hydraulic shakers have additionally been developed so the fruits, like apricots, grapes, and plums, are agitated from the tree or vascular plant onto the bottom or onto nets or belts. With some plants, like tomatoes, special varieties have had to be developed which will stand up to mechanical contact. The preparation quality of crops developed for mechanical harvest home is presently the reason for concern by client teams.
Harvester Types And Uses
Harvester is a machine performed for cutting down the crops and looks different from other machines. There are some kinds of harvesting machines like binder; combine; corn harvester; cotton harvester; header; reaper; thresher; windrower. binder
- Binder - Binder, a machine used for cutting grain and binding it into bundles, once the small grains are accustomed into wheat then the primary patent was issued on a self-tie binder in 1850.
- Combine - Combine, complex machine that both cuts and threshes grain. An early primitive combine was a horse-drawn “combination harvester–thresher” introduced in Michigan in 1836 and later employed in California. Combines weren't generally adopted until the 1930s when tractor-drawn models became available. Originally designed to reap wheat, and for cutting many other crops as well. In design, the combine harvester is basically a binder-type cutting device that delivers the grain to a thresher modified to bring in the new advanced features. The cutting–gathering component, designed to require the grain with a minimum of straw, is typically called the header. Some combine harvesters are used on steeply rolling land supported by hydraulic cylinders.
- Corn Harvester - Corn harvester, a machine used for harvesting corn and preparing it for storage. The horse-drawn sled cutter, and the severe stalk were the oldest corn harvesting devices. Binding of the stalks into shocks for drying, yet because the subsequent picking, husking, and shelling, were all done by hand. The mechanical binder was invented in 1850. Previously, a rudimentary mechanical picker was developed, though it took nearly 30 years for a practical version to seem.
- Sugarcane Harvester - Sugarcane harvester machine is used for cutting down the crops. This is a vital harvester used by the farmers and most prominent in agriculture farming. The use of this harvester is cutting the one or two rows of a cane. The cane is fed between the crop dividers and is cut at the base zone by base cutter blades and simultaneously de-topped from top. The cane is then fed through the roller train and is cut by the chopper drums into bamboo pieces of 24.5 to 30 cm. It is then cleaned within the primary extractor before being conveyed on the elevator. The can is then used for multipurpose variants and the cutting of sugarcane harvester be used for per acre crop at a time.
- Turmeric Harvester - The Harvester consists of a blade with three bar points for simple penetration into the soil. To the backside of the blade, six slats spaced at 50 mm apart are hinged at both ends. The eccentrics are connected to a shaft provided at the highest portion of the unit. From the gearbox, the facility is transmitted to the shaft of the turmeric digger unit through V - belt transmission. The pneumatic wheels are replaced with a pair of special type cage wheels to accommodate the peak of ridges.
- Paddy Harvester - For harvesting the rice crop, Paddy harvester is suitable for the farmers. Shaktimaan Paddy harvester is the best deal for the field and comes in the suitable price. It can help in improving the rice productivity on the farm.
- Forage Harvester- AT Silage harvester, chopper or forager are the terms used for Forage harvester. This farm implement is used to harvest the forage plants.
Function Of Combine Harvester
Harvester is used for multipurpose variants. The combine harvester is employed to reap numerous sorts of crops like wheat, corn, soybeans, oats, rice etc. Combine harvester has most of the qualities of implements. Nowadays, harvesters are becoming popular amongst Indian farmers because it makes work effective and efficient. Harvesters are perfect for the Indian fields that are target size from 0.5 to 10 acres. Below are some functions of the combine harvester :
- In the harvester, there's a tank that collects all the grains. The grains are then transferred to the container.
- The front part of the combine harvester collects all the grains within the combine then by their cutter they cut it.
- After that grains are sliced then all the grains are collected within the collecting tank.
- After the tank fills all the grains, they are transferred to the trailer through a side pipe that's called an unloader.
- Waste that continues to be, that's either spread on the sphere or kept for future use.
Most Popular Brand Harvesters
Harvester machine is made with the combination of the operations i.e. Reaping, threshing, and winnowing. Harvester is used to harvest different crops like rice, corn,wheat,sugarcane, etc.There are various brand companies of harvesters which are in the demand of the farmers.
- Kartar 4000 - Kartar is usually trying to produce its customers with a sophisticated featured harvester at an inexpensive price. Their quality is best to perform for harvesting. Harvester Kartar won the trust of their customers.
Functions of Kartar 4000 harvester:
- It is a multi-crop harvester and contains 380 Lt. of fuel tank efficiency.
- Kartar 4000 harvester is equipped with 6 cylinders, water-cooled 101 Hp engine.
- Kartar has a hydraulic steering mechanism which provides fast response with fields.
- Kartar 4000 price is economical for people who want to make their work easier.
- Kartar 4000 price is friendly to the purchaser.
- Preet 987 - Preet is the most trusted brand among farmers. They will blindly trust Preet
because Preet continues improving their quality and providing the most effective quality products to their customers.
Functions Of Preet 987 :
- Preet 987 could be a self-propelled multi-crop straw walker.
- It has a 365 L fuel tank capacity.
- Preet 987 has a 14 feet width cutter bar.
- Its transmission type is 3 Forward and 1 reverse gears.
- It has a mix of dry and weight type air filters.
- Preet 987 has 2200 water-cooled engine rated RPM.
- Preet 987 price is just too economical and simply slot in the budget of each farmer.
2. Dasmesh 9100 Maize - Dasmesh 9100 Maize is known for technological machinery. Dasmesh is the chief in many products itself-harvester combine, track harvester combines, tractor driven harvester combine, rotavator, roto seed drill, maize self, and harvester combine.
Functions of Dasmesh 9100 Maize
- Dasmesh 9100 Maize could be a Maize combine harvester and it is also an expert in maize harvesting.
- Dasmesh 9100 combine has 10.25 feet maize cutting width and for paddy & wheat 13 feet cutting width capacity.
- It has a 2200 water-cooled engine rated RPM and has 6 cylinders generating 110 HP.
- Dasmesh 9100 features a fuel tank capacity of 320 L.
- Dasmesh harvester 9100 price is the price which perfectly fits within the budget of farmers.
- Shaktimaan Paddy Master 3776 - Shaktiman Paddy Master is manufactured by Ashok Leyland. Shaktiman paddy harvester is best used for rice harvester. It's a self-propelled harvester which implies a harvester that might move without external force is termed self-propelled harvesters.
Functions Of Shaktiman Paddy Master 3776
- Shaktiman 3776 has 2185 mm.
- It is a threshing principle whose axial flow allows easy flow of crop and delicate threshing.
- It has 60 lugs full rubber Bridgestone tracks which are suitable for the wetland.
- Shaktiman Paddy Master 3776 has an open lips type forced air cleaning principle.
- Shaktiman Paddy Master 3776 has a fuel tank capacity of 110 L.
- John Deere W 50 Grain Harvester - John Deere combine harvester is a multipurpose harvester for crops like rice, soyabean, corn and wheat. John Deere always proves that they are the simplest brand within the agriculture field. They won customers' trust by providing them with advanced technology products at a reasonable price.
Functions Of John Deere W 50 Grain Harvester
- John Deere W 50 combine harvester includes a powerful engine of 75 HP.
- It has a dry-type filter and it’s engine may be a turbocharged engine.
- It 's price is reasonable and easily affordable by the farmers.
- It consists of a greater fuel tank capacity of 240 L.
- ACE ACW- 101 - ACE company has a superior harvester named ACE ACW - 101. ACE always provides advanced machines to the farmers.
Functions of ACE ACW 101
Harvester combine acw 101 could be a multi-crop self-propelled harvester.
- ACE ACW 101 has a 14 feet width cutter bar feature.
- It carries a 350 L of fuel tank capacity.
- It comes at reasonable prices.
- Kubota Harvesking DC - 68 G- HK
Functions Of Kubota Harvesking DC-68-G-HK
- The Kubota harvester DC-68-G-HK has 900 x 1903 mm cutting bar capacity.
- It is a self-propelled combine harvester.
- Kubota combine harvester DC 68-G-HK generates a 2434 CC powerful engine.
- 60 L is its fuel tank capacity is required in this harvester.
- Kubota Harvesking has 68 HP powered engines.
- Kubota harvester DC-68-G-HK price is reasonable for the farmers
- Claas Crop Tiger 30 Terra Trac
Claas may be a renowned company for best at harvesting processes. It provides harvesting in multipurpose crops like wheat, maize, rice etc. Claas combine harvesters are effective and efficient within the field.
Functions Of Claas Crop Tiger 30 Terra Trac
- Claas crop tiger 30 has 100 ltr fuel tank capacity.
- It is equipped with 4 cylinders.
- It has a 7 feet width effective cutter bar.
- Claas crop tiger 30 Terra Trac isa 60 HP harvester.
- Claas crop tiger 30 may be a multi-crop straw walker.
- Claas Tiger 30 price is fair for the farmers in keeping with its advanced features
- Mahindra Arjun 605 - Mahindra is a popular brand among Indian farmers they supply an outstanding range of tractors and farm implements. Mahindra is the most likable brand in Indian.
Functions Of Mahindra Arjun 605
- Mahindra Arjun 605 has 4 cylinders generating a water-cooled powerful 3532 cc engine capacity.
- It has a Dual dry clutch type.
- Arjun 605 has Mechanical actuated, oil-immersed disc brakes.
- 49 blades are present in Mahindra Arjun 605 harvester.
- It is a tractor powered combine harvester.
- Mahindra combine harvester Arjun 605 price is just too much cost-effective and it also gives an outstanding mileage within the field.
- New Hind Harvester
New Hind Harvester is an effective working combine harvester fits in the budget of the farmers and comes in five superior models. New Hind Trac Combine harvester 699, New Hind Trac Driven Combine Harvester 599, New Hind Mini Self Propelled Combine Harvester 499, New Hind 999, New Hind 99. Amongst all three harvesters are popular. Here is the list with important information are as follows:
- New Hind Mini Self Propelled Combine Harvester 499 - New Hind Mini Self Propelled Combine Harvester 499 is used for multipurpose variants of crops like wheat, rice, soyabean, sunflower etc. This harvester is easy to use and requires low maintenance. Power fitting and Robust combustion makes it easy to operate. The price of New Hind Mini Self Propelled Combine Harvester 499 is affordable for the farmers.
- New Hind Tractor Driven Combine Harvester 599 - This New Hind Tractor Driven Combine Harvester 599 is used as a power tractor instead of its own engine. New Hind TDC is a multi crop harvesting tractor.
- New Hind Trac Combine Harvester 699 - New Hind TDC 699 is a newly designed harvester and gives maximum optimization. This machine is Robust design, and Eaton pumps are good for wet harvesting.
- Massey Ferguson Harvesters
Massey Ferguson a combine harvester is a champion of all the harvesters brands. It is good for harvesting crops filled with wet moisture. Massey Ferguson harvesters require less maintenance and are helpful in performing for all types of crops. Most popular Massey Ferguson Harvesters Models are :
Massey Ferguson Cruzer 7504 DLX - Massey Ferguson Cruzer 7504 DLX is a combine harvester used for harvesting multiple crops like wheat, maize, paddy, soybean, green gram which is used in dry and semi-field conditions. This harvester takes less maintenance and operates easily.
Massey Ferguson Combine Harvester MF 9500 Super Shuttle - This harvester is good for multiple harvesting and excellent features helps to use more comfortably in the agricultural field.
- Sonalika Harvesters
Sonalika Combine harvesters are well propelled and come in the range of 50-70 HP costs Rs. 18.95 Lac. The Sonalika Harvesters are used for different purposes of harvesting crops and its advanced features makes it easy to operate by the farmers. Some of the models of Sonalika harvesters are :
Sonalika Combine TDC- 2000 - This is a tractor combine harvester in order to drive it and give power. This is an advanced machinery farm equipment with unique designs and various roles in harvesting crops. The price of Combine TDC - 2000 harvester starts from 8.65 Lac.
Agristar harvesters machines are specialized machines used to harvest potato crops in one go. It is available with advanced features like Ergonomic hydraulic power control, three stages of cleaning potatoes by carrying potatoes weight upto 70-80%.
Agristar Potato Harvester - Agristar Potato Harvester can be cleaned at one row. There is les requirement of manpower, economic hydraulic control.
Uses Of Harvesters
A combine harvester reduces the number of people required in harvesting and increases productivity by reducing manpower, time, and effort. Combines are used for harvesting and threshing. There are some ways in which combine harvester is functional be used as :
- Several kinds of harvesting in different forms of crops can be done by using heads and combines of harvesters machines which increases profit and gives more output.
- Broad patches of crops can be harvested easily and better output of grain yields.
- With different kinds of harvesters models available, no matter their size, makes the whole process less labor-intensive.
Points TO Keep In Mind While Using Combine Harvester
Before using the combine harvester, the machine operator must go through formal training and obtain a driver’s license to get the best use out of the implement.
This huge machinery must be maintained and examined regularly and in case of any malfunction, it must be repaired immediately. Before using the combine harvester in the field some specific conditions has to be checked like:
- Crop condition
- Field condition
- Moisture content
- Height of crop cutting
A harvester is a machine that is intended for threshing, cleaning, separating, and collecting grain through the crop. The crop however is harvested more efficiently and quickly and helps the farmers to harvest in bigger amounts. In ancient times farmers had to make efforts in harvesting crops by a tough series of the laborious operating system by cutting down the plants with a long tool named scythe. But after the arrival of Modern harvester machines, farmers can directly operate the process known as threshing. It not only helps in the working process but also saves a lot of time for the farmers.
We are thankful to the modern technological machines by the popular brand companies like TAFE, Shaktiman, Agristar, Dashmesh, John Deere, Kubota etc. These brand implements, harvesters and other machines proves to the rise in farming and increase in the growth of the agricultural sector.