Published By : Khetigaadi Team 103
Mahatma Gandhi said, “The soul of India lives in its villages”. This year even marking the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Government keeps Antyodaya at the core of all its efforts. At the Centre of everything that Government does, keep “gaon, Garib, our Kisan”. Prime Minister's two mega initiatives of Ujjwala Yojana and Saubhagya Yojana - have transformed the lives of every rural family, dramatically improving ease of their living. A combination of efficient implementation and enthusiastic adoption has significantly improved access to energy for rural households. By 2022, the 75th year of India’s independence Government like to assure the nation that every single rural family, except those who are unwilling to take the connection will have electricity and a clean cooking facility. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (MAY-G) aims to achieve the objective of “Housing for All” by 2022. A total of 1.54 crore rural homes have been completed in the last five years. In the second phase of MAY-G, during 2019-20 to 2021-22, 1.95 crore houses are proposed to be provided to the eligible beneficiaries.
Considering the fact, majority of people still live in villages and depend on agriculture and traditional industries, the ‘Scheme of Fund for Upgradation and Regeneration of Traditional Industries’ (SFURTI) aims to set up more Common Facility Centers (CFCs) to facilitate development to make the traditional industries more productive, profitable and capable for generating sustained employment opportunities. The focused sectors are Bamboo, Honey, and Khadi clusters. The SFURTI envisions setting up 100 new clusters during 2019-20 which should enable 50,000 artisans to join the economic value chain. Further, to improve the technology of such industries, the Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry, and Entrepreneurship’ (ASPIRE) has been consolidated for setting up of Livelihood Business Incubators (TBIs) and Technology Business Incubators (TBIs). The Scheme contemplates to set up 80 Livelihood Business Incubators (LBIs) and 20 Technology Business Incubators (TBIs) in 2019-20 to develop 75,000 skilled entrepreneurs in agro-rural industry sectors.
The government will invest widely in agricultural infrastructure and support private entrepreneurship in driving value-addition to farmers’ produce from the field and for those from allied activities, like Bamboo and timber from the hedges and for generating renewable energy. Annadata can also be Urjadata. Dairying through cooperatives shall also be encouraged by creating infrastructure for cattle feed manufacturing, milk procurement, processing & marketing. Fishing and fishermen communities are closely aligned with farming and are crucial to rural India. Through a focused Scheme – the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PSY). Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) has brought many socioeconomic gains in rural areas.
The government also hope to form 10,000 new Farmer Producer Organizations, to ensure economies of scale for farmers over the next five years. This Government will work with State Governments to allow farmers to benefit from e-NAM. The Agriculture Produce Marketing Cooperatives (APMC) Act should not hamper farmers from getting a fair price for their produce. Ease of doing business and ease of living both should apply to farmers too. We need to replicate this innovative model through which in a few States farmers are already being trained in this practice. Steps such as this can help in doubling our farmers’ income in time for our 75th year of Independence.
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